Saturday, March 23, 2019
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Essay -- Muscle Disorder Psuedohypertrophi
Duchennes mesomorphic dystrophy, also known as psuedohypertrophic muscular dystrophy, is a typical turn on-linked disorder in which the muscles drop off throughout a persons life. It literally means faulty nutrition of the muscles. mesomorphic Dystrophy has no cures, and this particular type of muscular dystrophy affects entirely males. One in 3,500 baby boys be born with this disorder and endurance is r are beyond the early 30s, death is usually ca employ by a respiratory disease. (ygyh.org)Duchennes muscular dystrophy is named after the French neurologist, Guillaume B. A. Duchenne, who lived from 1806 to 1875. In 1861 he became the first person to describe the disorder. In 1951 Elizabeth Shull Russell, an American geneticist, accidentally notice Duchennes muscular dystrophy in a colony of mice with which she was working. Over a number of years she discovered that muscular dystrophy was a sex linked trait contained on the x-chromosome. (Narins, 798.)Sex-linked dis orders only affect males and are passed down through female carriers. A boy inherits the disorder when he receives an X chromosome with a mutated dystrophin gene (the genetic cause) from his mother. The dystrophin gene is the largest gene represent in nature and was identified through a positional re-create approach. Its a highly complex gene, a large rod-like cytoskeletal protein which is found at the inner surface of muscle fibers. (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov)Three different tests are used to determine if a male has Duchennes muscular dystrophy. A CPK (also known as a CK) assay will detect muscle damage, but not the source. CPK is an abbreviation for Creatine Kinase Assay, which is essentially a blood test. Muscle biopsies are also common, a needle is inserted... ...nerated and replaced by fat. Recently, specific compounds in the inunct have been identified, they produce regeneration that is even more amazing than that produced by the oil itself. (Gerras, 1056)This form of MD is normally appears in males, but in that location are a few extremely rare cases where it has appeared in females. or so of the statistics found only dealt with Duchenne muscular dystrophy in the U.S., so it is fictional that the disorder is more prominent in the United States. Also, there was no evidence that it affected any race more than another. (www.ygyh.org)Concluding, Duchenne?s muscular dystrophy is an excellent example of a sex-linked disease. Unfortunately, there is no cure but research is being used to find more effective treatments. Most deaths caused by the disorder aren?t directly callable to the muscles, but due to a respiratory disease or disorder.