Tuesday, January 29, 2019

Accouting Practice Exam

FACULTY OF concern ACC carbon ACCOUNTING 1 Sample examination TIME 9. 20 12. 30 Hours WRITING TIME Three (3) hours READING TIME Ten (10) minutes MATERIALS SUPPLIED BY UNIVERSITY respond Booklets (4 x 6 page) General Purpose Answer Sheet GPAS-200R MATERIALS PERMITTED IN EXAMINATION Writing implements, including a 2B pencil and an eraser outpouring ope grazed, hand held, no print facility calculator NUMBER OF QUESTIONS divorce A Thirty expose B Four (30) multiple natural selection (4) questionsINSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES 1. Enter your name and student desc annul and sign in the quadriceps femoris provided at the bottom of this page. You must similarly enter your name and number in pencil on the multiple choice manage public opinion poll, and upon the come booklet. This examination consists of THIRTY (30) multiple choice questions in agency A and FOUR (4) questions in man B. ALL questions must be answered. adjourn A (Multiple choice) Students must answer questions 1 30 on the answer sheet provided.Use a black lead pencil No 2 to fill in completely the letter box corresponding to the almost correct answer. To change your answer, erase completely and remark. There ar no marks deducted for incorrect answers. Candidates are advised to show all working in digress B clearly labelling them as such. This examination is deserving 60% of the final assessment. Students must adios the final exam to pass the subject. INSTRUCTIONS TO INVIGILATORS 1 QUESTION PAPER MUST NOT BE RETAINED BY THE CANDIDATE. 2. 3.STUDENT NAME ____________________________________ STUDENT No _________________ STUDENT skin senses _____________________________________________________________ MULTIPLE CHOICE (1 mark each) Record your answers in pencil on the General Purpose Answer Sheet provided. 1 Purchasing stock for immediate payment has the avocation dual effect on the report comparability A B C D 2 change magnitudes an summation and increases a fiscal obligation increa ses an plus and increases a nonher summation decreases an asset and increases owners law decreases an asset and increases an assetPurchasing office article of furniture breakly for bullion and partly on credit affects the ac calculationing equation by A B C D increasing an asset, increasing a liability and a lessen an asset increasing an asset, fall a liability and decreasing an asset decreasing an asset, increasing a liability and increasing owners integrity decreasing an asset, decreasing a liability and decreasing owners equity 3All of the followers equations of the basic chamfer noteing equation are correct except A B C D assets = liabilities + owners equity economic resources = claims on economic resources assets liabilities = owners equity assets + owners equity = liabilities 4 A business had assets of $260,000 and liabilities of $75,000. How much is its owners equity? A B C D $0 $185,000 $335,000 $260,000 5 The business document that reports assets, liabilities a nd owners equity is called the A B C D financial line action statement of financial position ( pro tract sheet) statement of financial performance ( mesh and breathing out statement) 6 Terri operates a beauty salon. During the rootage calendar calendar month of ope dimensionn Terri performed the followers proceeding i ii iii iv v vi invested $2,000 in the business pre paid rent of $ vitamin C0 leveragingd $1, viosterol of furniture on credit purchased $ speed of light of supplies for hard currency paid $ccc on the furniture purchased in iii purchased an antique mirror for $1,000, paying capital of $ vitamin D and putting $ five hundred on credit. Using the billing equation, the final symmetry on both sides is A B C D 7 3,900 3,700 4,ccc 4,four hundredUse the adjacent development to calculate the match in Johns Capital account. equipoise of accounts for Johns Cleaning on 31 March account statements Pay competent Accounts receivable immediate payment at bank Equipment Supplies Bill collectible John, Capital A B C D $20,000 $17,500 $18,000 $15,000 $ 1,000 $ 1,500 $ 500 $20,000 $ 1,000 $ 4,000 ? 8 Under the cash al-Qaeda of accounting A B C D mesh bring in is the excess of cash inflows from gross over cash outflows for disbursals Revenue is recognized when goods are sold depreciates are recognized when mo wampumary abide bys are consumed B and C 3 Judys Hairdressing Salon uses cash accounting. During 2005 the salon describe $41,000 in stipend paid on the income statement. At course-end 2005 wages owing but undischarged were $2,400. If the salon changed to accrual accounting, how much would be describe as wages outlay for 2005? A B C D $38,600 $41,000 $43,400 $42,600 10 Which of the following statements concerning accrual accounting is accepted? A B C D Net pull in is the excess of cash inflows from revenue over cash outflows for expenses Revenue is recognised when earned and expenses when incurred.When on that point are credit tra nsactions the accrual approach gives a ruin measure of economic performance than the cash approach B and C 11 Joe uses cleaning supplies on a daily basis. Under the accrual basis of accounting these supplies should be an expense of the full stop in which they are A B C D Ordered Received stipendiary for Used 12 Prepaid indemnity is reported as A B C D An asset in the balance sheet A liability in the balance sheet An expense in the income statement B and C 13 Which of the following could be reported as a prepaid expense?A B C D A maintenance pledge paid in ascension for the next 2 stratums engage owing at the end of the period plight serene in advance from tenants beguile income unpaid at the end of the period 14 According to an scrutinize count Cally Printing had office supplies amounting to $100 at year-end. It had $50 of supplies at the scratch of the year and had purchased $600 of supplies during the year. What was the supplies expense for the year? A B C D $650 $60 0 $550 $500 4 15 Which of the following statements relating to the accumulated depreciation account is correct? A B C D It normally is a balance on the left hand side of a T-account.It reflects the portion of the cost of an asset that has been asgestural to expense since the item was purchased It provides information to users on the market economic value of assets It is classified as a liability in the balance sheet The following data relates to questions 16 to 18. Pams political machine take purchased a machine for $6,300 on 1 July 2008. The machine had an estimated life of 7 years, at which time it was expected to have a sales events value of $700. The straight-line method of depreciation was used. 16 What was the amount of depreciation charged as an expense on the machine by Pams Machine Hire for year ended 30 June 2009?A B C D 17 $771 $800 $900 $1,600 What was the balance of the accrued depreciation Machine account in the books of Pams Machine Hire at 30 June 2009 followi ng the adjusting ledger entry? A B C D $800 $1,600 $2,400 $2,700 18 What was the book value of the machine in the books of Pams Machine Hire at 30 June 2009 following the adjusting entry? A B C D $5,600 $3,900 $5,400 $5,500 5 19 Tom purchased both vehicles for his business on 1 January 2009. These vehicles cost $50,000 each and have a useful life of 5 years with an expected residual of $20,000 each.The adjusting entry required for depreciation on the two vehicles on 30 June 2005 is A B C D increase Accumulated Depreciation $6,000 cast up Depreciation set down $6,000 amplification Depreciation disbursement $12,000 Decrease Accumulated Depreciation $12,000 Increase Accumulated Depreciation $12,000 Decrease Depreciation Expense $12,000 Increase Depreciation Expense $6,000 Decrease Accumulated Depreciation $6,000 20 Unearned revenue is an example of a(n) A B C D Accrual Liability Asset Expense 21 absorb collected from a tenant in advance is considered A B C D Unearned Revenue Pr epaid Expense A liability Both A and C 2 On 1 July 2009 Zoes grade insignia &038 Bistro rented out part of its straight-lacedty at a rate of $12,000 per year. On that date, nine months rent was collected in advance and was demeaned as an increase to a liability account. At 31 December 2009, (Zoes year-end) which of the following adjusting entries should be made? A B C D Increase notes, $6,000 Increase fill Revenue, $6,000 Decrease Rent Revenue, $3,000 Increase Unearned Rent Revenue $3,000 Decrease Unearned Rent Revenue, $6,000 Increase Rent Revenue, $6,000 Increase Rent due, $6,000 Increase Rent Revenue, $6,000 23Working capital of the United States is determined by A B C D subtracting score liabilities from keep down assets adding ongoing liabilities to total assets subtracting current liabilities from current assets adding total liabilities to current assets 6 24 Decision-makers may use liquidity ratios to measure a companys financial flexibility. An example of a liquid ity ratio would be the A B C D return on total assets current ratio gross profit ratio accounts receivable turnover The following information pertains to question 25. Marias coffee tree reported $56 000 for current assets and $10 500 for other assets. It also had $17 000 of current liabilities.Marias quick assets totalled $22 000, and its long-term liabilities totalled $10 000. 25 Determine Marias working capital A B C D 26 $5 000 $39 000 $56 500 $12 500 The following entry appeared in the general journal of the SoHo Realty gild Office Supplies bills Accounts Payable 2,500 500 2,000 Which of the following statements is not true about the transaction recorded in the journal entry in a higher place? A B C D SoHos cash decreased by $500 Liabilities change magnitude as a result of the transaction SoHos signed a note as part of the transaction The asset, office supplies, increased as a result of the transaction 27 End of year records from Sallys Boutique show $ currency 20 Salaries Payable 10 Rent Expense 100 care Expense 50 Prepaid Rent 30 fee Expense 20 Rent collected in advance 20 During the final stage process the total debit to the put on and Loss Summary account would be A B C D $90 $100 $80 $170 28 Muffy community reported the following for 2009 and 2010 Accounts receivable, 31 December, 2009 Accounts receivable, 31 December, 2010 Sales for 2010 $ 7 000 3 000 85 000 How much cash was collected from customers during 2010? A B C D $81 000 $85 000 $89 000 $75 000Use the following information to answer capitulums 29 and 30 2010 $ 20 000 50 000 54 000 one hundred thirty 000 6 000 230 000 127 000 560 000 340 000 2009 $ 22 000 44 000 51 000 129 000 10 000 221 000 125 000 554 000 336 000 Cash at bank sellable securities Accounts Receivable armory Prepaid expenses whole shebang and equipment actual liabilities Sales revenue (on account) a bunkrophize of goods sold 8 29 The current ratio for 2010 is A B C D 2. 151 2. 051 1. 881 1. 751 30 Receivables t urnover for 2010 is A B C D 10. 4 times 21. 3 times 4. 10 times 10. 7 times 9 PART B (ALL QUESTIONS TO BE ANSWERED) ANSWER QUESTION IN A NEW ANSWER BOOKLET.Question 1 Part A Recording transactions (20 marks) (10 marks) Matthew crowd Services Pty Ltd began a business consultancy dish up on 1 July 2010. The company uses a perpetual inventory system. The following transactions occurred during the starting signal month of operations July 2 fateholders invested $46000 in the business in supercede for shares in the company. 2 paying $20000 for the first six months rent. 2 paid Local Energy Corp $300 as a pay off on electricity. 3 Purchased and installed shop fittings for a total cost of $21500 by issuing a cheque for $11500 and igning a commercial loanword agreement for $10000. 4 Purchased supplies for $1580 4. Purchased $20000 worth of inventory for cash 6 Paid publicize expense of $1750. 16 Recorded sales for the first half of the month of $16480 in cash and $275 on account. Co st of inventory sold during the period was $7650. 20 Paid insurance expense for the first year of $1250. 23 Received a $50 payment from customers on account. 28 Paid salaries of $1500. 31 Recorded revenue for the split second half of the month of $22729 in cash and $530 on account. Cost of inventory sold during the period was $10890. 1 Paid telephone account of $110 by cheque. Use the following account titles and numbers Cash at posit, 100 Accounts Receivable, one hundred one Supplies, 103 Inventory 104 Deposits, cv Shop Fittings, 110 loanword Payable, 200 Share Capital, 300 Retained Profits, 310 Dividends, 320 Sales, 400 Cost of Goods Sold, 450 Rent expense, 500 Advertising expense, 501 redress expense, 502 rally expense, 503 compensation expense, 504. requisite 1. induce the general journal entries to record the above transactions. 10 Question 1 Part B financial Statements (10 marks)The adjusted trial balance of interbreeding Australia especial(a) at 30 April 2009, afte r all adjustments, is as follows Crossing Australia Ltd Adjusted Trial equipoise as at 30 April 2009 Account Cash at commit Accounts Receivable Supplies Prepaid Insurance Equipment Accumulated Depreciation equipment building Accumulated Depreciation twist Land Accounts Payable Interest collectible Wages payable Unearned Service revenue Bill payable, non-current Share capital Service Revenue Depreciation expense equipment Depreciation expense building Wages expense Interest expense Insurance expense electrical energy and gas expense Supplies expense original Dr 1,370 43,740 3,690 2,290 63,930 28,430 74,330 18,260 20,000 19,550 2,280 830 3,660 69,900 64,200 98,550 6,900 3,710 60,310 5,370 8,170 4,970 6,880 305,660 Cr 305,660 essential Prepare a classified Income Statement and a offset Sheet for Crossing Australia restrict. 11 Question 2 ANSWER QUESTION IN A NEW ANSWER BOOKLET. Question 2 Part A fiscal statement analysis (15 marks) (10 marks) The following information has been extracted from the financial statements and the notes of Softwoods Ltd. 010 Cash assets Marketable securities Receivables Inventories Prepaid expenses Property plant and equipment Current liabilities Credit sales Cost of Goods Sold tote up liabilities Total assets Net profit $34 100 110 000 74 800 187 000 4 400 308 000 183 700 979 000 587 400 593 000 650 000 98 000 2009 $37 400 104 500 77 000 173 800 6 600 269 500 167 200 951 500 573 000 567 000 612 000 83 000 Receivables and inventories balances in 2008 were the alike(p) as 2009. Required account the following for 2010 and 2009 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Current ratio Inventory turnover ratio Receivables turnover ratio Net profit ratio Debt to total assets ratio What conclusions can you come to in relation to Softwoods Ltds liquidity, profitability and solvency? 12 Question 2 Part B Journalise adjusting entries (5 marks)The trial balance of Please-Pass-Me at 30 June 2010, the end of the financial year, is as follows Pass-Me-Please Tria l equilibrize as at 30 June 2010 Account Cash at brink Accounts Receivable Supplies Furniture and fixtures Accumulated Depreciation furniture and fixtures Building Accumulated Depreciation building Accounts Payable Salary Payable Unearned Service revenue Capital Drawings Service Revenues Salary Expense Supplies Expense Depreciation Expense furniture and fixtures Depreciation Expense building Miscellaneous Expense Total Dr 198,000 370,000 6,000 100,000 40,000 250,000 130,000 380,000 45,000 293,000 65,000 286,000 172,000 Cr 13,000 1,174,000 1,174,000 Data undeniable for the adjusting entries include a. b. c. d. e. f. Supplies on hand at year-end, $2,000 Depreciation on furniture and fixtures, $20,000 Depreciation on building, $10,000 Salaries owed but not yet paid, $5,000 Accrued service revenue, $12,000 Of the $45,000 balance of Unearned Service Revenue, $32,000 was earned during the current financial year. Required Prepare the adjusting general journal entries. 13Question 3 ANS WER QUESTION IN A NEW ANSWER BOOKLET. Hardly median(prenominal) Ltd (15 marks) As at 30 June 2008 the companys cash account in its GL has a debit balance of $5,815. 30. The bank statement balance as at 30 June 2008 showed a balance of $7,075. 80 Cr The following additional information was say The bank collected a direct deposit of $1200 for Hardly Normal from a debtor and charged $10 for doing so. On 30 June the bank statement showed a debit entry of $550 for a dishonoured cheque deposited by hardly Normal from IN Debt, a customer. The 30 June cash return of $1,819. 60 were not included in the bank deposits for June. They did not grow processed until 1 July. Company cheque no. 480 issued to Joe Bloggs, a creditor, for $492 percipient the bank in June but it had been incorrectly recorded and posted in the companys records as $429. The bank service charge for June was $25. Interest of $48 was received. It had not been previously accrued for. Unpresented cheques at 30 June totall ed $2,480. 10. Required 1. 2. Prepare the necessary adjusting entries to the companys GL as at 30 June 2008. Prepare the bank reconciliation statement as at 30 June 2008 (include workings for adjusting the GL). 14 Question 3 Part B Internal Control (5 marks) Fred Firkenstirker has worked for Derek Shonk Solicitors for several years. Fred hasnt taken a holiday in the last three years. One of Freds primary duties is to gift the mail and list the cheques received.He also takes cash from clients when they leave. At times it is so hectic that Fred doesnt bother with giving clients a receipt for the cash paid on their accounts. He assures them he will see to it that they receive the proper credit. When the traffic is boring in the office Fred offers to help Mary post the payments received from clients to the accounts receivable ledger. She is always happy to receive his help, because he is a very conscientious worker. Required Identify any principles of internal adjudge that may be violated in this solicitors office situation. 15 Question 4 Statement of Cash Flows (20 marks) ANSWER QUESTION IN A NEW ANSWER BOOKLET. weft Brother Pty Limited Balance Sheet 30 June 2010 Current assets Cash at bank Accounts receivable Total current assets Non-current assets Property, plant and equipment at cost Accumulated depreciation Total non-current assets Total assets Current liabilities Accounts payable Salaries payable Total liabilities NET ASSETS Owners equity Share Capital Retained Profits TOTAL OWNERS EQUITY 10,000 11,950 21,950 10,000 4,280 14,280 29,800 3,500 33,300 21,950 35,220 1,000 36,220 14,280 33,000 (17,000) 16,000 55,250 20,000 (8,000) 12,000 50,500 8,750 30,500 39,250 13,500 25,000 38,500 30 June 2009 former(a) information extracted from Choice Brothers Pty Limited Income Statement for the year ended 30 June 2010 as follows Sales Revenue Gain on temperament of PPE Salaries Expense Other Expenses (ex. Dep. ) Net Profit Other information 141,250 1,000 50,00 0 71,580 7,670 Equipment that originally cost the company $10,000 was sold during the year.The accumulated depreciated on the equipment sold was $4,000. Accounts payable balance relates to amounts owning that are classified under Other Expenses 16 Required 1. Calculate the following cash flows a) receipts from customers b) payments to employees c) payments for other expenses d) payments for property, plant and equipment e) receipts from the sale of property, plant and equipment (10 marks) 2. Prepare the companys Cash Flows Statement for the year ended 30 June 2010. (10 marks) 17 Indicative examination solutions Part A Multiple Choice 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 D A D B C B C A C D D A A C B B A D A B D C C B B C D C B D 18PART B Question 1 Question 1 Part A Recording transactions Matthews James Services Pty Ltd General Journal witness 2010 2 Jul Account titles and interpretation Cash Share Capital (Issued shares) Rent expense C ash (Paid first 6 months rent) Deposit Cash (Deposit on electricity) Post. Ref 100 300 Debit 46,000 46,000 Credit (20 marks) (10 marks) 2 Jul 500 100 20,000 20,000 2 Jul 105 100 300 300 3 Jul Shop Fittings 110 21,500 Loan Payable 200 10,000 Cash 100 11,500 (Purchased shop fittings paid part by cash and part covered by a loan agreement) Supplies Cash (Paid for supplies) Inventory Cash (Paid cash for inventory) Advertising Expense Cash (Paid advertising expense) 103 100 1,580 1,580 4 Jul 4 Jul 104 100 20,000 20,000 6 Jul 01 100 1,750 1,750 16 Jul Cash 100 Accounts Receivable hundred and one Sales 400 Cost of Goods Sold 450 Inventory 104 (To record first half month sales) 20 Jul Insurance Expense Cash (Paid 1 year insurance policy) 502 100 16,480 275 16,755 7,650 7,650 1,250 1,250 19 23 Jul Cash 100 Accounts Receivable 101 (To record collection of accounts receivable) 28 Jul Salary Expense Cash (Paid salaries) 504 100 50 50 1,500 1,500 31 Jul Cash 100 Accounts Receivable 101 Sales 400 Cost of Goods Sold 450 Inventory 104 (To record second half month sales) 31 Jul Telephone expense Cash (Paid Telephone expense) 503 100 22,729 530 23,259 10,890 10,890 110 110 20 Question 1 Part BFinancial Statements Crossing Australia Ltd Income Statement For the Year Ended 30 April 2009 (10 marks) Revenues Service revenue Expenses Wage expense Interest expense Depreciation expense equipment Supplies expense Insurance expense Electricity and gas expense Depreciation expense building Total expenses Net profit $98,550 $60,310 8,170 6,900 6,880 5,370 4,970 3,710 96,310 $2,240 21 Question 1 Part B continued Crossing Australia Ltd Balance Sheet As at 30 April 2009 Assets Current Assets Cash at Bank Accounts Receivable Supplies Prepaid Insurance Total current assets Non-Current Assets Equipment less(prenominal) Acc. Depreciation Building Less Acc.Depreciation Land Total Non-Current Assets TOTAL ASSETS Liabilities Current Liabilities Accounts Payable Interest Payable Wages Payable Unear ned Service Revenue Total Current Liabilities Non-Current Liabilities Bill Payable TOTAL LIABILITIES NET ASSETS Owners Equity Share Capital Retained Profits OWNERS EQUITY $ 1, 370 43,740 3, 690 2, 290 $ 51,090 $63,930 (28,430) 74,330 (18,260) $35,500 56,070 20,000 111,570 $162,660 $19,550 2,280 830 3,660 26,320 69,900 96,220 $66,440 64,200 2,240 $66,440 22 Question 2 Question 2 Part A Financial statement analysis (15 marks) (10 marks) Formulae 1. Current ratio = Current assets/ Current liabilities 2. Stock turn (Inventory turnover) = COGS/ Average inventory 3. Debtors turn (Receivables turnover) = Net sales/ Average net receivables 4. Net profit ratio = net profit/net sales 5.Debt to total assets ratio = total liabilities/total assets Calculations 2010 Current assets $34,100 + $110,000 + $74,800 + $187,000 + $4,400 = $410,300 2009 Current assets $37,400 + $104,500 + $77,000 + $173,800 + $6,600 = $399,300 2010 Average inventory ($187,000 + $173,800)/2 2009 Average inventory $173, 800 * assumed 2008 and 2009 same balances 2010 Average receivables ($74,800 + $77,000)/2 = $75,900 2009 Average receivables $77,000 * assumed 2008 and 2009 same balances 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Current ratio Stock turn Debtors turn Net profit Debt to assets 2010 410,300/183,700 = 2. 23 587,400/180,400 = 3. 26 979,000/75,900 = 12. 90 98,000/979,000 = 10% 593,000/650,000 = . 91 2009 399,300/167,200 = 2. 39 573,000/173,800 = 3. 1 951,500/77,000 = 12. 35 83,000/951,500 = 8. 7% 567,000/612,000 = . 92 Liquidity Although it has declined slightly in 2004, Softwoods is financially sound in the short term with more than $2 in current assets to meet every $1 in current liabilities advantageousness Net profit ratio has improved marginally in 2004 with Softwoods able turning 10c of every $1 of sales into profit. For a complete contrive however the ratio would need to be compared to industry. Softwoods is collecting its debtors balances at the rate of more than 12 times per year and therefore slightly r uin than once a month. Stock turnover however is rather slow at just over three times per year.Of course the nature of the industry would need to be considered to assess whether this level of turnover was at bottom expectations. Solvency Softwoods is carrying a high level of long term debt with barely exuberant assets to cover liabilities. This raises some concern about their long term viability 23 Question 2 Part B Journalising adjusting entries Pass-Me-Please General Journal 30 June 2010 (5 marks) a) Dr Supplies Expense Cr Supplies b) Dr Depreciation Expense Cr Acc Depreciation (F&038F) c) Dr Depreciation Expense Cr Acc Depreciation (Building) d) Dr Salaries Expense Cr Salary Payable e) Dr Accounts Receivable Cr Service Revenues f) Dr Unearned Service Revenue Cr Service Revenues 4,000 4,000 20,000 20,000 10,000 10,000 5,000 5,000 12,000 12,000 32,000 32,000 24Question 3 Question 3 Part A Date Bank reconciliation Debit (15 marks) (10 marks) Credit Account Titles and Explanation June 30 Cash at Bank Bank Charges Accounts Receivable 30 Accounts Receivable IN Debt Cash at Bank 30 Accounts Payable Joe Bloggs Cash at Bank 30 Bank Charges Cash at Bank 30 Cash at Bank Interest Revenue 1,190 10 1,200 550 550 63 63 25 25 48 48 (1) certain Cash at Bank account balance Add Interest Collection of note receivable ($1,200 less collection fee $10) Less Dishonoured cheque Error in recording cheque no. 2480 Bank service charge Adjusted Cash at Bank account balance $5,815. 30 48. 00 1,190. 00 ($550. 00) (63. 00) (25. 0) 1,238. 00 7,053. 30 (638. 00) $6,415. 30 Hardly Normal Limited Bank Reconciliation Statement As at 30 June 2007 Balance as per bank statement Add Outstanding deposits Less Unpresented cheques Balance as per Cash at Bank Account (1) Workings $7,075. 80 1,819. 60 8,895. 40 (2,480. 10) $6,415. 30 25 Question 3 Part B Internal Control (5 marks) This may not be an perfect(a) list. Additional control issues identified must actually link to the scenario provide d in the question. Violations 1. It is Marys province to post payments to patient accounts. In allowing Fred to assist her, the establishment of responsibility principle is violated. 2.Although it appears to be a small office, it is not appropriate that Fred opens the mail, receives and records cash receipts from clients, and also appears to have custody of cash. This situation violates the segregation of duties principle. By posting to clients accounts it would be possible to post credits to patient accounts and hammock the cash. 3. The documentation principle is violated when clients are not given cash receipts. Although many professional offices do not have cash registers, computerised or manual receipts are customary and necessary. 4. Independent internal validation is also being violated. There is no independent counting of the cash and comparison to total receipts. 5. Other controls are being violated. There is no mention of Fred being bonded. Also, personnel should be requ ired to take olidays to increase the likelihood of fraud being detected. 26 Question 4 Required 1 Statement of Cash Flows (20 marks) Receipts from customers = Sales revenue + hatchway accounts receivable closing accounts receivable = 141,250 + 25,000 30,500 = 135,750 ? Payments to employees = salaries expense + opening salaries payable closing salaries payable = 50,000 + 1,000 3,500 = 47,500 ? Payments for other operating(a) expenses = other operating expenses + opening accounts payable closing accounts payable = 71,580 + 35,220 29,800 = 77,000 ? Payment for purchases of PPE = increase in cost value of PPE + cost value of PPE sold = 13,000 + 10,000 = 23,000 ?Receipts from sale of PPE (is a two step process) = Original cost of assets accumulated depreciation = carrying value of asset sold = 10,000 4,000 = 6,000 Carrying value of asset sold + profit on disposal (OR less loss on disposal) = 6,000 + 1,000 = 7,000 Required 2 Choice Brothers Pty Limited Cash Flows Statement (Part ial) For the Year Ended 30 June 2010 Cash flows from operating activities $ Cash collections From customers Cash payments To employees For other operating expenses Net cash generated by operating activities Cash flows from investing activities Cash collections From sale of PPE Cash payments For purchase of PPE Net cash generated by investing activities Net movement in cash Opening balance in cash 1 July 2009 shutting balance in cash 30 June 2010 135,750 (47,500) (77,000) 11,250 ? 7,000 (23,000) (16,000) (4,750) 13,500 8,750 27 28

No comments:

Post a Comment