Wednesday, January 16, 2019
Gambling Research Essay
childs play refers to the forgather of any game where at that place is specie, or nearlything of value at stake. in that respect ar many varied forms of frolic including horse races, peopleteries, casi no, incision cards, stock market betting, and even more(prenominal)(prenominal)(prenominal) recently net profit gambol. Although these games ar meant for recreational use, the thrill of maneuver energizes some sight to become so involved in it that they become symbiotic on fun. The personal effects of maneuver sack up run vilify psychologic all(prenominal)y, be truly noxious to ones neighborly bearing and outhouse also cause many somatogenetic damages. Gambling addiction and diseased gambling is not always seen as dangerous as oppositewise addictions like substance abuse exactly it send away in item be a very damaging addiction to many aspects of sprightliness and should be considered a major health problem.Not everyone who encounters has a gambl ing addiction or even has the capability of being addicted to gambling. The mass of good deal who gamble do not induce an addiction and only do it for recreational purposes. But there is a small dower of people who gamble who are considered problem gamblers or pathological gamblers. pathologic gamblers is described as, morbid gambling is characterized by chronic and irresistible impulses to gamble, with outcome gambling compromises and disruptions to family, personal and vocational pursuits. (Coman, Burrows & Evans, 1997)This addiction causes the gambler to gamble very shop atly, often ages they will begin to pay large and larger bets and receiving feelings of anxiety or picture when they are not gambling. ghoulish gambling raise also include gambling to recover losings from previous gambling episodes, lying to family members to try and hide their habits, committing criminal acts to compass money for gambling and relying on other(a)s to provide money to reliev e them from their pecuniary situation. This is a very grave addiction and should be considered a major health problem because it can disallowly affect many serious aspects of an individuals life.There are many different influences and gateways that can lead to gambling and even a gambling addiction. Although things like scratch cards may not seem like much of a threat to fair an addiction, they can intrigue the thought of net profitning money purely by chance which is a dangerous mindset to lay down. other factor that can lead to a gambling addiction is the sleeper between the proximity from the casino and gambling take time officipation. Living close to a casino causes much more accessibility and can add to the possibleness of gaining an addiction, additional gambling opportunities due to the presence of a casino profit the prevalence of gambling-related problems for people who live close to a casino, as compared with people who live far from one.(Sevigny, Ladouceur, Jacques & Cantinotti, 2008) lot who live closer to the casino are much more likely to just drop by and play a few hands rather than people who live further and set about to make an evening of it.Accessibility can have a large squeeze on gaining an addiction to gambling. Also, the recent customaryity of poker has a huge impact on the view of gambling for younger people. poker has become very popular in our society today and is televised sort of a frequently showing these players not only making a upkeep from this game of chance, but suitable millionaires. Some of these players are seen as celebrities who can cause some younger audiences to look up to them and strive to be like them. These aspects do not directly lead to a gambling problem but they can definitely help lead to one. engineering science has become a large contributory factor to problem gambling. As stated earlier, accessibility can have a large impact on gaining an addiction to gambling and the technology of i nternet has brought accessibility of gambling to a whole new level. Gambling over the internet should be a major concern because the ontogeny in gambling opportunities gives the authorisation for an increase in problem gamblers. Research evidence in other countries has clearly shown that where accessibility of gambling is increase there is an increase not only in the number of regular gamblers but also an increase in the number of problem gamblers. (Griffiths, 1999)Internet gambling websites has dramatically increased this accessibility which will in turn increase the number of people gambling. Not everyone is susceptible to becoming a problem gambler, but the more people gambling, the more people who have the chance of becoming addicted. The popularity of internet gambling is on the rise with its easy accessibility and quickness. This popularity itself cannot lead to a gambling addiction but a number of the more popular poker players on television often promote different gambling websites where anyone of any age can play poker online. The websites allow soulfulness to play in tournaments, play with friends and play with fake money or even real money. They are very appealing to people of all ages and easily accessible all the time which makes them a threat to change to problem gamblers and youth gambling. When someone suffers from problem gambling, it is not only that individual that is affected but their family, friends and community as well.There can be some irrefutable aspects of gambling in terms of the neighborly effects of gambling. Gambling can be seen as a recreation, a wound from their problems of everyday life and a nice night out. Yet these positive effects only exist if gambling is done in moderation. at one time gambling becomes a habit and a necessity is where the negative impacts arrive. Often, its those close to the pathological gambler that suffer the most. Constant gambling takes time away from family, friends and other activities. If gambling becomes a problem, it can cause red of trust between individuals and family members which can lead to family related problems and even divorce. Generally, the social problems begin with borrowing of money to support their addiction. At this point, many friends and family may lose touch with the gambler.Being distanced from those who are closest can cause desperation which may lead to criminal action at law. morbid gambling can become so severe that they can resort to criminal activity in a last effort to support their financial needs. People are more likely to commit crime without sentiment of the consequences when they are in a desperation mindset which is what can happen after(prenominal) a big loss due to gambling. Supporters for the spread of legalized gambling make claims about economic growth and more jobs but opponents have a strong case saying, various forms of street crimes, such as robberies and cable car thefts, come with gambling, as well as problems with connections to organized crime The majority of Wisconsin problem gamblers in treatment that were interviewed in Thompson et al. (1999) admitted to crimes as a progeny of their gambling activity, primarily property crimes. (Gazel, Rickman & Thompson, 2001)Pathological gamblers reach a point where there are no options left so they have to resort to illegal means to support themselves displaying the severity and control that a gambling addiction can have.Having a gambling addiction does not just affect someone economically or socially but it can deeply affect them psychologically. Once a pathological gambler is down money, they will make bets to try and regain that money that they have lost. Instead of cutting their losses, they get deeper into debt, preoccupying themselves with gambling, determined to win big to reward their loans and solve all their problems (Griffiths, 2001). A very dangerous way of thinking is the what if I win mentality. This way of thinking is especially da ngerous because then they are more prostrate to make bigger bets with money they may not have to lose so they can receive bigger rewards. A large factor for whether someone develops this addiction has a lot to do with their personality.The type of personality someone has can have on whether or not someone develops a gambling addiction or not. Gambling is characterized by an unrealistic optimism by the gambler (Griffiths, 2001). For the most part people believe that optimism is a good way to live life by always seeing the positive things instead of dwelling on the negatives. Optimists are known to be less likely to suffer from depression symptoms following a stressful event and seem to have more psychological benefits when compared to pessimists.Although in terms of gambling, optimism can be counterproductive, Optimists may be especially susceptible to maintaining illusory gambling expectations. Because of their generalized expectations for success, optimists may get along gambling with the belief that they can win. (Gibson & Sanbonmatsu, 2004) Optimists may also have a tendency to look at the positive aspects in a situation which may prolong their gambling thinking that they will win it all back. Also, people who are risk takers are more prone to gambling addiction than someone who is more conservative. Not everyone is susceptible to becoming a pathological gambler and a extensive deal of the issue has to do with their personality type and how they look at different negative situations.Having a gambling addiction not only affects ones social life but it can have a great impact on your mind and even cause physical difficulties. Pathological gamblers often suffer from stress-related disorders such as depression, insomnia, intestinal disorders and migraines. wellness problems do not only occur from the gambling itself but a strong amount of people suffer problems from the withdrawal, Rosenthal and Lesieur (1992) found that at least 65 percent of pathologic al gamblers reported at least one physical side-effect during withdrawal including insomnia, headaches, upset stomach, loss of appetite, physical weakness, heart racing, muscle aches, brisk difficulty and/or chills. (Griffiths, 2001)It was also found that pathological gamblers experienced more physical withdrawal effects when attempting to stop than substance abusers who are attempting to quit. This is quite astonishing and again proves why gambling addiction is a very serious matter and should be considered just as much of a health problem as addiction to alcohol or other substances. Pathological gambling can cause great psychological damage and can cause people to do irrational things after a big loss which can sometimes even lead to suicide. Pathological gambling and suicide have been known to have a touch to each other. Suicidal attempts among pathological gamblers are much more frequent than among the general public.The American Psychiatric Association did a study that with t hese results, Of individuals in treatment for Pathological Gambling, 20% are reported to have attempt suicide, (American Psychiatric Association (APA)) (Penfold, Hatcher, Sullivan & Collins, 2006) For many gamblers, coping with the negative emotions relating to their issues in their life can be overwhelming. Feelings of shame, hopelessness and failure may be hard to bear which sometimes makes suicide seem like the trounce solution for their problems. The damage to the mental aspects is one of the reasons that make pathological gambling so dangerous. The act of gambling and casinos is a very controversial topic.There are some positive aspects to the casino and gambling that include a source of jobs and economic development. Gambling is meant to be for recreational use on occasion but it can also be very dangerous. certain(prenominal) people with certain personality types and lifestyles may be prone to becoming a pathological gambler. The effects of pathological gambling can cau se a lot of harm psychologically, destroy someones social and family life, cause physical damage to themselves which can even lead to their death. Gambling addiction may not be seen as dangerous or likely to happen as other addictions but the results from being a pathological gambler can be just as harmful as other addictions and should be considered just as much as a serious health issue as everything else.ReferencesGriffiths, M. (1999). Gambling Technologies Prospects for paradox Gambling. Journal of GamblingStudies, vol.15, no.3, p.265-283.Griffiths, M. (2001). Gambling An Emerging Area of Concern for wellness Psychologists. Journal ofPsychology, vol.6, no.5, p.477-479.Gibson, B., & Sanbonmatsu, D. (2004). Optimism, Pessimism, and Gambling The Downside of Optimism.Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 149-160.Coman, J., Burrows, G., & Evans, B. (1997). Stress and Anxiety as Factors in the Onset of occupation Gambling Implications for Treatment. St ress Medicine, Vol.13, no.4, p.235-244.Sevigny, S., Ladouceur, R., Jacques, C., & Cantinotti, M. (2008). Links between Casino propinquity andGambling split upicipation, Expenditure, and Pathology. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, vol.22, no.2, p.295-301.Penfold, A., Hatcher, S., Sullivan, S., & Collins, N. (2006) Gambling Problems and Attempted Suicide. Part1. High Prevalence amongst Hospital Admissions. International Journal of Mental Health andAddiction, vol.4, no.3, p.265-272.Gazel, R., Rickman, D., & Thompson, W. (2001) Casino Gambling and Crime a Panel take on of WisconsinCounties. Managerial and Decision Economics, vol.22, no.1-3, p.65-75.