Thursday, January 17, 2019

Organizational Psychology Paper Psy 428

brassal psychology Paper Shanna Brookins PSY/428 12/12/2011 organizational Psychology Paper Introduction Organizational psychology is the study of a nominal organization and how various(prenominal)s and groups act within that organization in former(a) words, the scientific study of the workplace. The goal of organisational psychology is to answer organizations function the better(p) way possible. This is achieved by helping people understand their interactions with each other and create an environment where everyone back work together to accomplish big goals.When an organization is successful, the employees have better task satisfaction. In turn, this creates better productivity which allows products and services to be produced at a lower price. This savings can be passed along to the customers therefore having a positive effect on everyone. (Jex, 2008). An industrial- organizational psychologist studies different aspects of the work environment, such(prenominal) as lea dership, job satisfaction, on the job stress, and communication among employees. An industrial-organizational psychologist is brought in by organizations as consultants to solve dissolveicular problems.They contribute seek methods and psychological principles to improve productivity, management and marketing problems, as closely as facilitate organizational ontogeny and change, and identify training and development needs. I/O psychologists often work for more than one organizational setting they may alike choose to teach in universities and colleges (Jex, 2008). cardinal Sides of I/O Psychology The industrial side of I/O psychology concentrates on organizational policies and processes that affect the employees on a ad hominem level, it is sometimes called the personnel psychology (McCarthy, 1999).Industrial psychology uses statistics, psychometrics, as well as quantitative tools to develop rating scales, interview techniques, and psychological test. These tests be utilize to measure skills for the purpose of hiring, placement, and promotion within an organization. In addition, the industrial side handles performance appraisals and feedback, as well as training and development (Industrial and Organizational Psychology , 2008). The organizational side of I/O psychology focuses on making the most of organizational performance.This focuses on interpersonal relationships at work, how individual differences affect an organization, leadership, motivation, team and group dynamics, and organizational change and development. In addition, the organization side concentrates on job satisfaction, attitudes, and dealing with job stress such as balancing work and family (McCarthy, 1999). The Use of Research Research methods ar utilise in I/O psychology to answer dubiousness about why employees behave the way they do. Analyses of behavior in soft studies involve discussions of how people experience and feel events in their lives and can be a good means of genera ting hypotheses and theories of what happens in organizational settings (Ehigie, 2005, p. 621). qualitative methods of research are used by I/O psychologist in organizational studies. I/O psychological may use methods such as test, questionnaires, rating scales, observation, ethnography and physiological measures to answer questions about behavior (Ehigie, 2005) notification is a research method used in I/O psychology to understand employees culture and behavior.There are three data-based methods that may be used, simple observation, participant observation, and archival data sources . The observational technique is best used when observing routine jobs that require manifest behaviors, for example waiting tables. This method cannot be used for jobs which require capable or cognitive processing for example making decisions or planning. In participant observation the observer may be a part of the event being studied. The researcher must be able to ethically preform the job this me thod is used for job analysis.Archival data sources uses records or any(prenominal) form of data that exist, it is an important supplement to more stuffy data collection methods. This method allows researcher to study issues that could not be studies in any other way (Ehigie, 2005). The Use of Statistics When data is serene by organizational researchers the data must be analyzed. The statistics, mean median, and rule are known to be the most common measures of rally tendency. An modal(a) value of the item in the series or some quality of members in a group is a measure of central tendency.Mean represents the reasonable for an ungrouped data . The sum of the scores divide by the total issuance of the scores gives the value of the mean. Median is the score or value of that central item which divides the series in exactly two equal halves. fashion is defined as the size of the variable that occurs most frequently in the series (Jex, 2008). Conclusion Organizational psychology can be used in organizations to assess job performance, training, and making hiring decisions. In addition, it can help employees develop the capabilities they need in an organization for promotions.Organizational psychology can also be used in an organization to explore why trustworthy employees may not work well together, why some are not preforming well, as well as job satisfaction. Organizational psychology also may study why dissatisfaction is among certain employees and how it contributes to negative outcomes, such as turnover and absenteeism. Organizational psychology is applied through the gentlemans gentleman resources department or consultants. It can be used to assess any problem or issue that is related to work or careers (Industrial and Organizational Psychology , 2008) ReferencesIndustrial and Organizational Psychology . (2008). Retrieved December 11, 2011, from AllPsychlogyCareers. com http//www. allpsychologycareers. com/topics/industrial-organizational-psychology . html Ehigie, B. &. (2005). Applying Qualitative Methods in Organizations A Note for Industrial/Organizational Psychologists. The Qualitative bill Volume 10 Number 3, 621-638. Jex, S. &. (2008). Organized Psychology. Hoboken,NJ Wiley. McCarthy, D. (1999, December 8). I/O Psychology Overview notes. Retrieved December 10, 2011, from MTSU http//frank. mtsu. edu/pmccarth/io_ovrvw. htm

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